Explanation of the TECHNOLOGIES

1) INSTANT MESSENGER involves people logging-in and then typing their comments to another person, as the messages appear "instantly" on the other's screen. CHAT ROOMS are places where more than two people may gather to do instant messaging, while others are making similar contributions. These chats may be public place or private conferences at the exact same time. One can read a number of "threads" taking place simultaneously on several topics.

2) EMAIL involves typing a message and sending it to another person's email address, where it arrives moments later, but may not be open and read until later. DISCUSSION LISTS are collections of several people who have subscribed to a list server. When one sends a message to the server's email address, everyone on the list gets a copy of that message, but copies arrive at different times after being sent.

3) INTERACTIVE WHITEBOARDING is done when people sign-in to a common work area that allows them to draw (erase or hand write) their contributions, to simultaneously see what others are drawing (erasing or writing), and to share simultaneous editing opportunities.

4) FAX is one preferred way to send diagrams to another person, but the page outputs from fax machines are not easily modified. Faxing software allows faxes to be sent and received from computers.

5) TELEPHONE CONFERENCING can be as simple as picking up the phone and calling someone, or as complex as gathering many voices together and meeting in real time through the Internet with a "telephony bridging" program.

6) VOICE MESSAGING can be as modest as leaving an audio recording on an answering machine tape or as sophisticated as sending "voice packets" (containing the same information) to thousands of people.

7) VIDEO CONFERENCING means being able to actually see and talk to the other people, while they see you and talk back in real time! Although this is not yet perfect, body language is communicated well (using audio also communicates voice intonations).

8) IMAGE MESSAGING means sending personal "video packets" (containing a videotaped message) as recorded on a digital camera or converted from a standard videotape.

9) APPLICATION SHARING happens when more than one person use the same software program through a web conferencing system. This can allow multiple people to collaborate on preparing budgets with one spread sheet, altering blueprints with a single drafting package, and editing press releases with a unique word processor. Application sharing is used more for information creation, rather than dissemination.

10) DOCUMENT ATTACHMENT is accomplished by sending a file as an attachment to an email message. Receipt of this file allows many people to view the same slideshow, read the same letter, or scan the same data base, but at their own leisure and not at the same time. Document attachment is used more for information dissemination, rather than creation.

11) CO-BROWSING happens when more than one person is able to look at the identical webpage simultaneously. It is usually accomplished through application sharing of a web browser, but can also be achieved with everyone simply visiting the same location with their own web browser (see below).

12) WEB BROWSING is using a software program or application (Navigator, Explorer, etc.) to search and view information on the internet. Today, web browsing is possible on more than just a computer. Mobile phones and other hand held devices now have web capabilities.

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