Click here for NOTES for AUTHORS & Frequently Asked Questions

This webpage contains a FREE and open-access textbook of peer-reviewed chapters about Outdoor Learning (OL), written for Canadians, about Canadians, and by Canadians. OL is defined as an experiential process, which takes place primarily through exposure to nature and the out-of-doors, where the emphasis for subject matter is placed on one or more relationships concerning people and nature.

The umbrella term of OL encompasses all forms of experiencing in, for, and about the out-of-doors. These include integrated or separated forms of adventurous and environmental learning across the spectrum of these four fields ordered by increasing complexity.

1. Recreation feeling (enjoying tourism, playing, having fun, learning new activity skills, relaxing, rejuvenating, etc.)
2. Education thinking (schooling field trips, gaining new concepts, refreshing old ideas, generating awareness of need, etc.)
3. Development behaving (enhancing positive conduct, growing functional actions, building teamwork, protecting nature, etc.)
4. Therapy resisting against efforts to transform well-being (diminishing negative conduct, easing dysfunction, healing, coping, etc.)


Click on a chapter title to open its PDF file for reading or downloading

Reintroducing Canada! - Editors (1)

Introduction: What is Outdoor Learning? - Editors (2)

A Summary of Textbook Chapters - Editors

_________________ - Editors


Nature Interpretation - _______________

A Beautiful Messy Process: Outdoor Education in Canada - Asfeldt (23)

Environmental Education - McClaren

Nature Therapy - ______________

Adventure Tourism - Vranich, Isaak & Rodger (17)

Benefits of Outdoor Learning - D'Angelo (39)

Adventure Therapy - Javorski (42)


Accessible, Adaptive, and Inclusive Outdoor Recreation - Kenigsberg & Cole (11)

Enhancing Support for Indigenous Land-Based Programming - DeLancey & Broadhead (31)

University Outdoor Orientation Programs - O'Connell, Lathrop & Howard (5)

Collaborating with Community Partners to Develop Specialized Programs for Underserved Populations - Spooner (28)

Risky Outdoor Play - de Lannoy (8)


Universal Design as a Framework to Increase Diversity, Inclusion, Equity and Belonging in Canadian Outdoor Learning- Loeffler (18)


___________ - Marucci & Townley (27)


Misogyny and Settler Colonialism: Finding Pathways of Resistance through Outdoor Learning - Wigglesworth (20)


Fostering a Sense of Belonging in Canada's Parks and Wilderness - Shah & Badaloo (10)

Outdoor Learning in Urban and School Settings - Ayotte-Beaudet, Laflèche & Goyer (34)

Centre-based Outdoor Education Programs - Tashiro (36)

Simulations in Outdoor Learning - Clarke

Lakes, Rivers, and Oceans - Kelday

Leave No Trace - Stuart


Artificial Adventure Environs - Haras


Change - Gargano

Competence Effectance Theory- Mouse (3)

Conflict and its Resolution - Young (4)

Status and Expeditionary Group Dynamics - Oellet & Laberge (29)


Nature Prescription in Canada: Why and How? - Langelier, Pétrin-Desrosiers & Bradette (35)

Climate Change Education and Outdoor Learning - Murray, Ferland & McKenzie (38)

Re-connecting Children and Youth with Nature: Why, What and How? - Warner (32)

Ecohealth - Ritchie (41)


Personal Obligations for Risk and Safety - Jackson (7)

Avoiding Catastrophic Accidents and Fatalities - Sole (22)

Emergency and Rescue Response - Little (26)

Post Incident Crisis Response - Cloutier (15)

Remote Mental Health First Aid - Hagel

Legal Liability in Canada - Heshka

Insurance Coverage in Canada - Bossaer

Surviving off the Land - Bourbeau & Tranquard (12)


Historical Timeline - Priest & Ritchie (0)

The Phenomenon of Camping - Fine (14)

History of Outward Bound - Wallis (16)

OCC: A New National Association - Plangger & Sole (40)


Six Offerings: What outdoor learning might present public education during this time of quite radical cultural, social, and environmental upheaval - Blenkinsop (24)

Origins and Foundations - Mercure (21)

Interpreting Cultural Appropriation in Outdoor Learning - Mondor, Cairns & McIlwraith (13)

Magic Canoe: An Invitation for Reconciliation from Wa’xaid - Penn (19)

Ethics & Philosophy - Heintzman



Outdoor Education in Integrated Curriculum - Horwood (6)


Creating Moments of Awe and Wonder - Linney (25)

Introduction to Wild Pedagogies - Jickling, Blenkinsop & Morse (37

Outdoor Learning Pedagogy - Bisson (9)

Best Teaching Practices- Taylor


Experientially Teaching Canadian Travel Literature - Henderson (30)


Outdoor Leadership Competencies & PSE Preparation - Williams-Orser

Longevity of an Expeditionary Field Instructor - Kirk (33)

Facilitation and Reflection - Gough



International Outdoor Leadership Curriculum Framework


Definition of LOA: Led Outdoor Activity

Meta-analysis summary of LOA Benefits

If you would like to discuss possibly contributing a chapter, please contact the editors at:

s i m o n _ p r i e s t @ y a h o o . c o m (please remove spaces)